Family and social networks of support whatsapp phone number list and care»13. This situation is experienced by irregular Hondurans, Salvadorans and Guatemalans en route from Mexico to their countries of origin. The same is experienced by Nicaraguans from Costa Rica to Nicaragua, Haitians en route from the Dominican Republic to Haiti, and Venezuelan whatsapp phone number list migrants from the entire Andean region, as we have already mentioned. The restrictive immigration policies of structural racism But not only traffic produces irregularity, the border also plays a fundamental role as a mechanism of irregularization, by denying the right to mobility (due to the visa regime) and whatsapp phone number list to refuge (when requested at the border).
The case of the more than whatsapp phone number list four million Venezuelans who have emigrated in recent years, including asylum seekers, is key to understanding the catastrophe experienced at different borders that have not accepted the applications of this population. This has been exacerbated by the current closure of borders, which has led to a temporary suspension of reception of new asylum and refugee applications. Migrants in this situation are forced to cross borders through unauthorized steps, through clandestine routes, since whatsapp phone number list they will not return to their countries of origin when they are ad portasto fulfill their migratory project.
This is how in Chile the whatsapp phone number list increase in traffic (465% between 2013 and 2018) has been carried out by people from the Dominican Republic, Haiti, Cuba and Venezuela. For all these countries, Chilean immigration policy whatsapp phone number list has restricted entry into the country through the imposition of consular visas, which we see as structural racism. Structural racism is defined as a set of "macro-level systems, social forces, institutions, ideologies, and processes that interact with each other to generate and reinforce inequities whatsapp phone number list between racial and ethn.